By Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, Division on Earth and Life Studies
Animal examine will play an important function in efforts to fulfill expanding calls for for worldwide healthiness care. but the animal study group faces the problem of overcoming unfavorable impressions that and academia have interaction in foreign collaborations so as to behavior paintings in elements of the area the place animal welfare criteria are much less stringent. hence, the significance of making sure the foreign harmonization of the rules and criteria of animal care and use can't be overstated. a few nationwide and foreign teams are actively operating towards this objective. The Institute for Laboratory Animal learn (ILAR), a application unit of the U.S. nationwide study Council, is dedicated to selling either the welfare of animals utilized in study and the standard of the ensuing technology. In 2008, to keep on with up at the 2003 occasion, ILAR convened a workshop which introduced jointly 2 hundred contributors from 17 nations. Their undertaking was once to spot and advertise greater realizing of significant demanding situations within the behavior of animal examine throughout kingdom barriers. those demanding situations comprise: the sourcing of animals; the standard of veterinary care; useful employees; the availability of an acceptable atmosphere (including nutritious meals and potable water) for animals; and ongoing oversight of the animal application; between others. Animal examine in an international setting summarizes the lawsuits of the 2008 workshop. The effect of this 2008 workshop has prolonged past the oral shows conveyed in those complaints. it's been an essential bridge for varied colleagues and corporations all over the world to develop projects designed to fill gaps in criteria, specialist skills, and coordination of animal use.
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Additional resources for Animal Research in a Global Environment: Meeting the Challenges: Proceedings of the November 2008 International Workshop
Should we apply good standards of welfare for their own sake? Of course, there is an ethical impetus for that. But the argument that most effectively carries weight with our research colleagues is that good welfare improves the quality of their science. But let’s return to the subject of veterinary competence and the status of veterinarians, both of which vary significantly across the world. This is a major challenge for veterinarians, we believe. It has a direct impact on the effectiveness of any regulatory system that involves veterinary input.
Another realization that emerged from the meeting was that harmonization and working together were the best ways to share information, resources, and knowledge in order to elevate and unify and achieve cohesion for animal care and use programs on a global basis. It was also evident that harmonization needed to be better defined, because there was a great deal of discussion on what harmonization was and what it meant, and more importantly how to accomplish it. Moreover, based on many of the sidebar discussions, it was obvious that a lot more discussion and benchmarking were needed to define the problem.
The greatest fear is that eventually there will be no opportunity, at least internationally, to transport animals for biomedical research. These are a few of the limitations that shippers are faced with today: shippers’ expectations and carriers’ limitations are not always conveyed or understood by each party; aircraft systems, ground facilities, weather, traffic, equipment, and staffing affect the carrier’s ability to provide an adequate shipping environment; strict adherence to a narrow temperature range is not possible without adequate active or passive packaging systems; and, with increasing fuel costs, shipping animals is not a major revenue stream.