By John Webster
The farming of animals for meat and milk confronts a stark obstacle. whereas international call for from a turning out to be and extra prosperous human inhabitants is expanding swiftly, there are robust counter-arguments that we must always consume much less meat and pay extra realization to environmental security, animal welfare and human wellbeing and fitness and healthiness.
The goal of this e-book is to spot and clarify the factors and individuals to present difficulties in animal husbandry, in particular these with regards to 'factory farming', and improve arguments that could give a contribution to its winning re-orientation. Husbandry is taken into account in its broadest experience, particularly the effective and sustainable use of the land for the great of all (plants, people and different animals).
The first a part of the ebook outlines ideas and arguments essential to have interaction with present difficulties: depletion of common assets and destruction of atmosphere, animal welfare, nutrition and well-being, reasonable exchange and sharing assets. those arguments are illustrated by means of examples and enough facts to justify the argument with out obscuring the message. the second one half provides a chain of optimistic proposals for swap and improvement in animal husbandry, either within the constructed global and subsistence agriculture. those contain extra built-in crop and farm animals farming structures, the ethics of animal welfare and environmental administration, and the evolution of a brand new social agreement wherein the rights of the folk to a good percentage of fine, secure foodstuff and a eco-friendly and delightful land are matched via a shared accountability to maintain this stuff.
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Additional info for Animal Husbandry Regained: The Place of Farm Animals in Sustainable Agriculture
It is something of a cliché but nonetheless true to say that countryside and parkland are the lungs of the city. It is possible to carry this metaphor further and claim that they are the lungs, liver and kidneys. They can and should be the source of clean, fresh air, and a huge green factory for processing the outcome of our conspicuous consumption, recapturing and recycling that which is of value, and removing or sequestering that which may cause harm. Would that this were so. Industrialised agriculture conspicuously fails the test of sustaining the life of the land.
While feeds differ greatly in their capacity to provide ME for reasons largely linked to their digestibility, requirement for ME and the efficiency of utilization of ME are essentially functions of the animal, not the feed. The last of these three is the most important since it allows one to compare the efficiency of different animal production systems in a way that is not confounded by differences between feeds. For a comprehensive description of factors influencing energy metabolism in farm animals see Blaxter (1989).
3c). One important effect of this breeding policy has been that mature breeding sows and broiler hens are getting bigger and bigger, with some deleterious consequences for their own welfare (see Chapter 4). In strictly commercial terms, selection for bigger and bigger parents presents few problems for producers because the breeding sows only consume 20 per cent of total feed, and broiler breeders only 4 per cent. Consider now what would be the consequence of selecting exclusively for bigger and bigger sheep.