By Gary Althen
No matter if you are a international pupil traveling for a semester or a enterprise individual vacationing for per week, American Ways,Third version covers your entire simple wishes from the developments and customs of day by day actions to the extra esoteric customs relating to cultural values, politics, schooling, faith and relationships. during this revised version, Gary Althen and Janet Bennett have extra fabric that gives the clearest insights but into the yankee psyche and tradition, reflecting some of the enormous adjustments that experience happened because the earlier edition's ebook. Examples comprise a rewritten bankruptcy on politics that d iscusses Bush-administration guidelines and controversies and the election of th e nation's first black president, in addition to an up to date bankruptcy on social rela tionships and the influence that networking websites corresponding to Twitter and fb ha ve had on assembly humans and developing friendships.
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Additional info for American Ways: A Cultural Guide to the United States
In short, individualists have to rely on themselves and to develop skills that allow them to branch out in society. Collectivists have a supportive group that assists in this same goal. (1990, 21–22) Collectivists will want to understand that individualists are, according to Harry Triandis, Richard Brislin, and C. H. Hui, likely to: • pay relatively little attention to groups (including families) they belong to 9 A M E R I C A N WA Y S • be proud of their accomplishments and expect others to feel proud of their own accomplishments • be more involved with their peers and less involved with people who are older or more senior in an organization, and be more comfortable in social relationships with those who are their equals and less comfortable in relationships with people of higher or lower status than themselves • act competitively • define status in terms of accomplishments (what they have achieved through their own efforts) rather than relationships or affiliations (the family or other group to which they belong) • seem relatively unconcerned about being cooperative or having smooth interpersonal relations • seem satisfied with relationships that appear superficial and shortterm • be ready to “do business” very soon after meeting, without much time spent on preliminary getting-acquainted conversation • place great importance on written rules, procedures, and deadlines, such as leases, contracts, and appointments • be suspicious of, rather than automatically respectful toward, people in authority • assume that people in general need to be alone some of the time and prefer to take care of problems by themselves.
Part I presents some general ideas (or theories) about cultural differences and American culture as it compares with others. Part II gives information about specific aspects of American life, including friendships, social relationships, politics, religion, and the media. Part III concludes the book by offering guidelines for responding constructively to cultural differences. S. American culture differ from others? There are several ways to address that question. The first way we will use, in chapter 1, is to consider the values and assumptions that Americans live by.
The ideal person is punctual (that is, arrives at the scheduled time for a meeting or event) and is considerate of other people’s time (that is, does not “waste people’s time” with conversation or other activity that has no visible, beneficial outcome). Early in his long and productive career, American anthropologist Edward T. Hall lived and worked on reservations belonging to two Native 19 A M E R I C A N WA Y S American Indian groups, the Navajo and the Hopi. He discovered that the Native American’s notion of time was very different from the one he learned growing up as a European American man.