By Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)
The papers during this ebook query the tyranny of typological considering in archaeology via case reports from numerous South American international locations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, finally, how you can create networks that provide meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny could be triumph over in the event that they are used from a severe, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: severe as the complacent perspective in the direction of their tyranny is changed via a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as ability to arrive replacement and suggestive interpretations yet now not as final and convinced destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to stick to they're relatively used as constitutive components of extra complicated and connective materials. The papers integrated within the booklet are assorted in temporal and locational phrases. They disguise from so known as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are similar. they've got in universal their shared rejection of validated, naturalized typologies that constrain the way in which archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into popular and predictable conclusions. Their creative interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious due to their organization with colonial political narratives. as an alternative, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.
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Additional resources for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
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7 The specific economic characteristics of a prestige-good system are dominated by the political advantage gained through exercising control over access to resources that can only be obtained through external trade. However, these are not the resources required for general material wellbeing or for the manufacture of tools and other utilitarian items. Instead emphasis is placed on controlling the acquisition of wealth objects needed in social transactions and the payment of social debts. Groups are linked to each other through the competitive exchange of wealth objects as gifts and feasting in continuous cycles of status rivalry (Frankenstein and Rowlands 1978, p.