By M. A. R. Habib
This accomplished consultant to the background of literary feedback from antiquity to the current day offers an authoritative evaluation of the main events, figures, and texts of literary feedback, in addition to surveying their cultural, ancient, and philosophical contexts.
- Supplies the cultural, old and philosophical heritage to the literary feedback of every era
- Enables scholars to determine the improvement of literary feedback in context
- Organised chronologically, from classical literary feedback via to deconstruction
- Considers quite a lot of thinkers and occasions from the French Revolution to Freud’s perspectives on civilization
- Can be used along any anthology of literary feedback or as a coherent stand-alone introduction
Read or Download A history of literary criticism and theory : from Plato to the present PDF
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Additional info for A history of literary criticism and theory : from Plato to the present
The underlying point is that such portrayals of gods and men will inculcate false and corruptive ideals into the guardians. What also emerges here as a crucial element in the conflict between philosophy and poetry is the right to name the divine, to authorize a particular vision of the divine world: for poetry, that world is presented as an anthropomorphic projection of human values centered on self-interest, a world of dark chance, irrational, in flux, and devoid of a unifying structure. The project of philosophy, in Plato’s hands, is to stabilize that world, drawing all of its scattered elements into the form of order and unity under which alone they can be posited as absolute and transcendent.
In political terms, poetry’s greatest crime is its insubordination in respect of specialization of labor. Plato urges that the same man ought not to imitate “many things”: any poetic imitation involving “manifold forms” will, says Socrates, “be ill suited to our polity, because there is no twofold or manifold man among us, since every man does one thing” (III, 397b–e). Plato then arrives at the renowned passage urging banishment of the “manifold” poet, a passage whose logic merits reconsideration: If a man .
Democracy comes about as a popular revolution against the rich oligarchs, the people being granted an equal share in citizenship and political office (VIII, 556e– 557b). What is worshipped here is individual liberty, leading to a number of undesirable consequences. ” Secondly, this constitution would generate all “sorts and conditions of men,” a greater variety than any other form of government. ” Thirdly, the government would be “anarchic and motley, assigning a kind of equality indiscriminately to equals and unequals alike” (VIII, 557b–558c).