By Robert Carlson
The sequence builds an intensive choice of prime quality descriptions of languages world wide. every one quantity deals a finished grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if applicable, a thesaurus and different proper info that's on hand at the language in query. There are not any regulations as to language relations or zone, and even if certain realization is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and necessary remedies of higher recognized languages also are integrated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive regular of clinical caliber.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Supyire
There are several roots which have alternate forms with and without secondary release. Although the historical causes of this are not at present completely understood, it looks very much as though at least one of these was a process of degemination with compenstory lengthening in one of the forms, the long vowel resulting then undergoing diphthongization. This process may be illustrated with the root for 'woman' whose two forms are cee- and cyd-, as in ceewe 'woman' and cyde 'women'. The original form appears to have been *cele- (cf.
Compare the following examples: (20) a. ήίάΝ+ -IV courtyard G3S b. ka+ reason paN come htää 'courtyard' + -IV G3S => kapana 'reason for coming' It should be mentioned that there are indications of a process of /m/-elision from sometime in the not-too-distant past. For example, the dative/benefactive postposition ά was originally /ni, and in fact this is the form it usually takes in poetry. Similarly the non-final serial verb connective ä is derived from the conjunction ma. 5. Secondary release Most Senufo languages indulge in labialization and palatalization of consonants to varying degrees.
It has already been noted that vowels are not lowered before the diminutive suffix -rV. Lowering also does not occur when a root-final [r] absorbs the initial  of the gender 3 singular suffix -IV: (45) cer+ calabash -IV G3S => cere 'calabash' borsack -IV G3S => boro 'sack' + The mid vowels of these same roots lower, however, when the initial /g/ of the gender 3 plural suffix -gili is absorbed by the root-final [r]: (46) cer+ calabash -gili G3P => cerii 'calabashes' borsack -gili G3P => börii 'sacks' + This lowering is by no means inevitable, occuring in only 8 out of a total of 13 roots where it might be expected.